Tanzania: Lack of Education

In Tanzania, more than 40 percent of young adults are lacking out of education.

Recently, Human Rights Watch published a report that revealed the dark side of Tanzania. According to the report, “I Had a Dream to Finish School; Barriers to Secondary Education in Tanzania,” even though the government of the country made lower-secondary education free, still, the problem of lacking education did not get better.

There were some barriers to this problem; “poor quality of education… lack of secondary schools in rural areas, an exam that limits access to secondary school, and a discriminatory government policy to expel pregnant or married girls” are some of the reasons that young adolescents drop out of school, said Human Right Watch.

 

According to the article, there are problems that are making Tanzanian adolescents away from education: lack of secondary schools makes students in rural areas difficult to attend school; lack of money makes students difficult to pay for school-related costs; lack of flexibility of the compulsory-primary-school-leaving-exam, which is not allowed to retake, makes students difficult to attend the secondary school; lack of flexibility of the law that prohibits the pregnant or married girls attending school makes students difficult to attend the school; and lack of inclusive education training of the teachers make students drop out due to the poor quality of education.

“There are no Perkins Brailler, no textbooks at all. [The] machines we’re supposed to use … are not functioning. It stops us from doing homework and exercises well. I get notes every two weeks or one month later [than the rest of his class]. It makes me lag behind in terms of excellence in academics – by the time I receive my notes, I’m already two or three subjects behind.”
–Nasser, 18, a Form IV student who is blind and studies at a boarding school in Shinyanga, northern Tanzania

What is even worse about this is that those students, who have to drop out after primary education, are left alone out of nowhere.

In order to make the government’s decision of abolishing secondary school fees meaningful, Tanzania’s government “should do more to address the crowded classrooms, discrimination, and abuse that undermine many adolescents’ education,” says Elin Martínez, children’s rights researcher at Human Rights Watch.

The government should ban “corporal punishments,” “pregnancy testing in schools,” “expulsion of girls who are married or pregnant,”and “expulsion of those who failed the primary-school-leaving-exam.” They should rather create better systems in order to create better conditions of schools; schools where Tanzanian adolescents can actually open their wings and learn.

REFERENCES

“Tanzania: 1.5 Million Adolescents Not in School.” Human Rights Watch. 14 Feb. 2017. Web. 29 Mar. 2017.

“I Had a Dream to Finish School.” Human Rights Watch. 01 Mar. 2017. Web. 29 Mar. 2017.

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